Osburga, Queen Consort of Wessex

Female ~810 - ~849


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  • Name Osburga  
    Suffix Queen Consort of Wessex 
    Born ~810  Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Female 
    Alt Birth ~831  (Wessex) England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Alt Death ~854  [2, 3
    Died ~849  [1
    Person ID I50603  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2019 

    Father Oslac,   b. ~785, (Isle of Wight) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother unnamed spouse 
    Married Y  [2, 4
    Residence (Family) Isle of Wight Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Family ID F18788  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Aethelwulf of Wessex, King of Wessex,   b. (~820), Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jan 0858 
    Married Y  [2, 3
    Children 
     1. Aethelstan, King of the East Angles,   b. ~838, Wantage, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 890
     2. Aethelred of Wessex, King of Mercia,   b. ~847, Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 911
     3. Alfred the Great, King of Wessex,   b. 23 Apr 849, Wantage, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 899, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F18785  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~810 - Wessex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAlt Birth - ~831 - (Wessex) England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Osburh or Osburga was the first wife of King 另helwulf of Wessex and mother of Alfred the Great. Alfred's biographer, Asser, described her as "a most religious woman, noble in character and noble by birth".[1]

      Osburh's existence is known only from Asser's Life of King Alfred. She is not named as witness to any charters, nor is her death reported in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. So far as is known, she was the mother of all 另helwulf's children, his five sons 另helstan, 另helbald, 另helberht, 另helred and Alfred the Great, and his daughter 另helswith, wife of King Burgred of Mercia.

      The Boyhood of Alfred the Great (1913).jpg
      She is best known for Asser's story about a book of Saxon songs which she showed to Alfred and his brothers, offering to give the book to whoever could first memorise it, a challenge which Alfred took up and won. This exhibits the interest of high status ninth-century women in books, and their role in educating their children.[2]

      Osburh was the daughter of Oslac (who is also only known from Asser's Life), King 另helwulf's pincerna (butler), an important figure in the royal court and household.[3] Oslac is described as a descendant of King Cerdic's Jutish nephews, Stuf and Wihtgar, who conquered the Isle of Wight.[4] and, by this, is also ascribed Geatish/Gothic ancestry.

      Queen consort of Wessex
      Tenure c. 839 c. 854
      Spouse 另helwulf, King of Wessex
      Issue 另helstan of Wessex
      另helswith, Queen of Mercia
      另helbald, King of Wessex
      另helbert, King of Wessex
      另helred, King of Wessex
      Alfred, King of Wessex
      House House of Wessex (by marriage)
      Father Oslac

      Issue[edit]
      Name Birth Death Notes
      另helstan 851855
      另helswith 888 Married, Burgred of Mercia; no issue
      另helbald 20 December 860 Married, Judith
      另helbert Autumn 865
      另helred c.847 23 April 871 Had issue
      Alfred 849 26 October 899 Married 868, Ealhswith; had issue

      See also

      House of Wessex family tree; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_monarchs_of_Wessex#House_of_Wessex_family_tree

      Notes

      Jump up ^ Simon Keynes and Michael Lapidge eds, Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources, London, Penguin Classics, 1983, p. 68
      Jump up ^ Janet L. Nelson, Osburh, 2004, Oxford Online Dictionary of National Biography In Nelson's view, Osburh may have been dead by 856 or may have been repudiated.
      Jump up ^ Keynes and Lapidge, pp. 68, 229.
      Jump up ^ Asser states that Oslac was a Goth, but this is regarded by historians as an error as Stuf and Wightgar were Jutes. Keynes and Lapidge pp. 229-30 and Frank Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, Oxford, Oxford UP, 3rd edition 1971, p. 23-4

      References

      Asser's Life of King Alfred; http://omacl.org/KingAlfred/

      Lees, Clare A. & Gillian R. Overing (eds), Double Agents: Women and Clerical Culture in Anglo-Saxon England. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2001. ISBN 0-8122-3628-9

      end of biography [3]
    • The PEDIGREE of
      Osburga OSLACING of ISLE OF WIGHT

      (1st wife); (Osburh Osburgh; of JUTIE)
      Born: abt. 810 Died: aft. 876


      HM George I's 23-Great Grandmother. HRE Ferdinand I's 20-Great Grandmother. U.S. President [WASHINGTON]'s 26-Great Grandmother. Poss. PM Churchill's 24-Great Grandmother. Wm. von Bismarck's 28-Great Grandmother. Agnes Harris's 25-Great Grandmother. Poss. `Osawatomie' Brown's 24-Great Grandmother.
      Husband/Partner: Ethelwulf (2nd King) of ENGLAND
      Children: Alfred `the Great' (1st/3rd King) of ENGLAND ; Aethelred I (King) of WESSEX (& ENGLAND) ; Judith of WESSEX ; Ethelbald (King) of ENGLAND ; Ethelswith ; Ethelbert (King) ; Athelstan (King)
      _______ _______ _______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ _____ ____ ____
      / -- Gebolf of the JUTES
      / -- Wihtgar (King) of the ISLE OF WIGHT (? - 544?)
      | \ / -- Freawine of ANCIENT S. + ==&=> [ 221 ,,qD,&]
      | | / | (skip this generation?)
      | | / -- Wig (Uvigg Wigga) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / -- poss. Gewis (Gewisch) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / | or: poss. Eafa (Effa) I of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / -- Esla (Esle) of ANCIENT SAXONY (411? - ?)
      | | / | or: Effa II (Esla's son)
      | | / -- poss. Elesa (Elistus) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | | \ / -- Gevar (Sea-King) in DENMARK
      | | / \ -- poss. daughter of Gevar
      / \ -- daughter of Elesa
      / -- (NN) ... (NN) of the ISLE OF WIGHT
      | \ | ( many missing generations)
      | | / -- Frithugar DEIRA of A. + ==&=> [ 220 ,,qD,&]
      | | / -- Freawine (Freovin) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / | (skip this generation?)
      | | / -- Wig (Uvigg Wigga) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / -- poss. Gewis (Gewisch) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / | or: poss. Eafa (Effa) I of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | / -- Esla (Esle) of ANCIENT SAXONY (411? - ?)
      | | / | or: Effa II (Esla's son)
      | | / -- poss. Elesa (Elistus) of ANCIENT SAXONY
      | | | \ / -- Gevar (Sea-King) in DENMARK
      | | / \ -- poss. daughter of Gevar
      / \ -- poss. sister of Cerdic
      / -- Oslac (Thane) of the ISLE OF WIGHT (785? - ?)
      /
      - Osburga OSLACING of ISLE OF WIGHT
      \
      \ -- (NN), first wife


      Her (poss.) Grandchildren: Elgiva of WESSEX [alt ped] ; Edward (I) `the Elder' (King) of ENGLAND ; Aefthryth (Elfrida) of WESSEX ; Aethelflaed (Lady) of MERCIA ; Aethelweald (King) of NORTHUMBRIA ; Aethelhelm (Earldorman) of WILTSHIRE ; Elgiva of WESSEX ; Henry `with the Golden Wagon' of ALTDORF

      [ Start ]
      FabPed Genealogy Vers. 85 Jamie, 1997-2018 [5]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12311] "William the Conqueror", Pedigree, http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I3527&tree=00&parentset=0&g.

    2. [S12118] "Alfred the Great", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_the_Great, retrieved or revisited, recorded & upload.

    3. [S12136] "Osburh", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osburh, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,.

    4. [S12502] "Oslac (Thane) of the ISLE OF WIGHT", Pedigree, https://fabpedigree.com/s018/f160892.htm, by David A. Hennessee, info@cl.

    5. [S12492] "Osburga OSLACING of ISLE OF WIGHT", Pedigree, https://fabpedigree.com/s009/f580446.htm, abstracted by David A. Hennesse.