Edmund I, King of the English

Edmund I, King of the English

Male ~921 - 946

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  • Name Edmund I 
    Suffix King of the English 
    Born ~921  Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 26 May 946  Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I50592  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2019 

    Father Edward the Elder, King of the Anglo-Saxons,   b. ~874, (Wantage, Berkshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jul 924, Farndon, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Eadgifu of Kent,   b. C. 903, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. C. 966  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Married ~919  [1, 3, 4, 5
    Family ID F18783  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Aelfgifu of Shaftsbury,   b. (~914),   d. 944 
    Married Y  [1, 2, 3, 6
     1. Edgar the Peaceful, King of England,   b. Abt 943, (Wessex) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 0975, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years)
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F18782  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~921 - Wessex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 May 946 - Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Edmund in the late thirteenth-century Genealogical Chronicle of the English Kings
    Edmund in the late thirteenth-century Genealogical Chronicle of the English Kings

  • Notes 
    • Edmund I (Old English: Eadmund, pronounced [µ??dmund]; 921 – 26 May 946) was King of the English from 939 until his death. His epithets include the Elder, the Deed-doer, the Just, and the Magnificent.

      Edmund was the son of Edward the Elder and his third wife Eadgifu of Kent, and a grandson of Alfred the Great. His father died when he was young, and was succeeded by his oldest son ¥thelstan. Edmund came to the throne upon the death of his half-brother in 939, apparently with little opposition. His reign was marked by almost constant warfare, including conquests or reconquests of the Midlands, Northumbria, and Strathclyde (the last of which was ceded to Malcolm I of Scotland). Edmund was assassinated after six-and-a-half years as king, while attending mass in Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire. He was initially succeeded by his brother Eadred, but his two sons – Eadwig and Edgar the Peaceful – both later came to the throne.

      King of the English
      Tenure 27 October 939 – 26 May 946
      Coronation c. 29 November 939
      probably at Kingston upon Thames[1]
      Predecessor ¥thelstan
      Successor Eadred
      Born 921
      Wessex, England
      Died 26 May 946 (aged 24–25)
      Pucklechurch, Gloucestershire, England
      Burial Glastonbury Abbey
      Spouse ¥lfgifu of Shaftesbury
      ¥thelflµd of Damerham
      Issue Eadwig, King of England
      Edgar, King of England
      House Wessex
      Father Edward the Elder
      Mother Eadgifu of Kent
      Religion Roman Catholic

      Early life and military threats

      Edmund came to the throne as the son of Edward the Elder,[2] and therefore the grandson of Alfred the Great, great-grandson of ¥thelwulf of Wessex and great-great grandson of Egbert of Wessex, who was the first of the house of Wessex to start dominating the Anglo Saxon realms. However, being born when his father was already a middle aged man, Edmund lost his father when he was a toddler, in 924, which saw his 30 year old half brother Athelstan come to the throne. Edmund would grow up in the reign of Athelstan, even participating in the Battle of Brunanburgh in his adolescence in 937.[citation needed]

      Athelstan died in the year 939, which saw young Edmund come to the throne. Shortly after his proclamation as king, he had to face several military threats. King Olaf III Guthfrithson conquered Northumbria and invaded the Midlands; when Olaf died in 942, Edmund reconquered the Midlands.[2] In 943, Edmund became the god-father of King Olaf of York. In 944, Edmund was successful in reconquering Northumbria.[3] In the same year, his ally Olaf of York lost his throne and left for Dublin in Ireland. Olaf became the king of Dublin as Amlaâib Cuarâan and continued to be allied to his god-father. In 945, Edmund conquered Strathclyde but ceded the territory to King Malcolm I of Scotland in exchange for a treaty of mutual military support.[3] Edmund thus established a policy of safe borders and peaceful relationships with Scotland. During his reign, the revival of monasteries in England began.

      Louis IV of France

      One of Edmund's last political movements of which there is some knowledge is his role in the restoration of Louis IV of France to the throne. Louis, son of Charles the Simple and Edmund's half-sister Eadgifu, had resided at the West-Saxon court for some time until 936, when he returned to be crowned King of France. In the summer of 945, he was captured by the Norsemen of Rouen and subsequently released to Duke Hugh the Great, who held him in custody. The chronicler Richerus claims that Eadgifu wrote letters both to Edmund and to Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor in which she requested support for her son. Edmund responded to her plea by sending angry threats to Hugh.[4] Flodoard's Annales, one of Richerus' sources, report:

      Edmund, king of the English, sent messengers to Duke Hugh about the restoration of King Louis, and the duke accordingly made a public agreement with his nephews and other leading men of his kingdom. [...] Hugh, duke of the Franks, allying himself with Hugh the Black, son of Richard, and the other leading men of the kingdom, restored to the kingdom King Louis.[5][6]

      Death and succession

      On 26 May 946, Edmund was murdered by Leofa, an exiled thief, while attending St Augustine's Day mass in Pucklechurch (South Gloucestershire).[7] John of Worcester and William of Malmesbury add some lively detail by suggesting that Edmund had been feasting with his nobles, when he spotted Leofa in the crowd. He attacked the intruder in person, but in the event, Leofa killed him. Leofa was killed on the spot by those present.[8] A recent article re-examines Edmund's death and dismisses the later chronicle accounts as fiction. It suggests the king was the victim of a political assassination.[9]

      Edmund's sister Eadgyth, the wife of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, died earlier the same year, as Flodoard's Annales for 946 report.[10]

      Edmund was succeeded as king by his brother Eadred, king from 946 until 955. Edmund's sons later ruled England as:

      Eadwig, King of England from 955 until 957, king of only Wessex and Kent from 957 until his death on 1 October 959.
      Edgar the Peaceful, king of Mercia and Northumbria from 957 until his brother's death in 959, then king of England from 959 until 975. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12116] "Margaret of Wessex", Pedigree Chart, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_monarchs%27_family_tree, retrieved or revisi.

    2. [S12121] "Edmund I", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_I, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the websit.

    3. [S12595] "The House of Wessex", http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_21.htm, https://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/usfeatures/.

    4. [S12120] "Edward the Elder (c. 874 - 17 July 924)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_the_Elder, retrieved or revis.

    5. [S12143] "Eadgifu of Kent", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadgifu_of_Kent, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded.

    6. [S12144] "¥lfgifu of Shaftesbury", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86lfgifu_of_Shaftesbury, retrieved or revisited,.