Female 1030 - 1070  (~ 40 years)

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  • Name Agatha  
    Alt Birth Aft 1018  [1
    Born >1030  [2
    Gender Female 
    Alt Death 13 Jul 1054  Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Died <1070  (England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I50585  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2019 

    Family Edward the Exile,   b. 1016, (Wessex) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Apr 1057, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Married Y  [1, 2, 3
     1. Margaret of Wessex, Queen of Scotland,   b. ~1045, Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1093, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F18778  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsAlt Death - 13 Jul 1054 - Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - <1070 - (England) Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Biography of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile
      Parentage: Agatha's parents are unknown. Who they might me be remains one the great genealogical puzzles as tantalizing clues were left by near contemporaries. However, all of these clues are open to interpretation and debate, and are at times contradictory. One should not take any published as proof that her parentage has been discovered or worked out.
      Stewart Baldwin's The Henry Project discusses the various theories and their origins on his "Agatha" page. [1]
      Wikipedia also covers the various theories regarding her possible parrentage, all of them cited, with links to many primary genealogical sources in WHO ARE AGATHA'S PARENTS?.
      The controversy was most recently discussed in The Scottish Genealogist in 2002. [2].
      WHAT IS CERTAIN is that she was the wife of Edward, of Wessex, and the mother of Saint Margaret of Scotland

      One Biographical Theory
      Agatha of Augsburg, Princess of Hungary Some authorities say that she is the daughter of Ludolph, Margrave of West Friesland and Gertrude von Stade (RN=28199). She Paget says she is daughter of Bruno, Bishop of Augsburg, brother of Emperor Henry II. Agatha of Augsburg, Princess of Hungary died after 1066.

      Another Biographical Theory
      Her parentage is disputed repeatedly; the most interesting theories are published in the New England Genealogical journals[3][4][5]

      Another Biographical Theory
      (Someone copied from Wikipedia article) Wikipedia: Agatha,_wife_of_Edward_the_Exile
      There is doubt about her parentage.
      Note on paternity of Agatha, wife of Edward The Exile (by Andrey Alexandrovich Frizyuk)
      " Two main versions of Agatha's parentage have been proposed so far:
      1. Szabolcs de Vajay in his paper "Agatha, Mother of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland" (Duquesne Review, vol. 7, no. 2 (Spring 1962), pp. 71-80) expounded the theory that Agatha was a daughter of Liudolf, Margrave of West-Friesland (he was half-brother of Emperor Henry III), by Gertrude of Egisheim. This is based on statements of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Florence of Worcester's "Chronicon ex chronicis" that Agatha was a blood relative of the "Emperor Henry".
      2. Rene Jette in his article "Is the Mystery of the Origins of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, Finally Solved?" (New England Historical and Genealogical Register, no. 150 (October 1996): 417-432) pointed out some facts which were not explained by Szabolcs de Vajay's theory:
      A. William of Malmesbury in "De Gestis Regis Anglorum" and several later chronicles state that Agatha was a Hungarian Queen's sister. Edward was a loyal supporter of Andras who accompanied him from Kiev to Hungary in 1046 and lived for many years at his court. Thus it's highly probable that "a Hungarian Queen" in question was Andras' wife, Anastasia Yaroslavna.
      B. According to Szabolcs de Vajay, the marriage of Agatha and Edward took place in Kiev. This accords with statements of Geoffrey Gaimar and Roger of Howden that Edward took a Kievan wife "of noble parentage."
      C. There are several etymological arguments. Agatha, for instance, is a Greek name quite unknown in Western Europe of that time. On the other hand, the name Agatha/Agafia was fairly common in the Rurikid family: all daughters of Yaroslav received Greek names, and we know that Yaroslav's Byzantine stepmother had an aunt named Agatha.
      D. Also, the 11th-century fresco of St Sophia Cathedral in Kiev represents 5 living daughters/sisters of Yaroslav, all of marriageable age. One of them is Anastasia the Queen of Hungary, another Elisaveta the Queen of Norway, the third - Anna the Queen of France, the fourth - Dobronega the Queen of Poland, but who was the fifth?
      It's interesting that the last wife of Vladimir I was apparently the first cousin of Emperor Henry III. Her daughter Dobronega could have been described as "filia germani imperatoris Henrici". What if Agatha was Dobronega's full sister? It seems to me that such a solution would explain all the evidence that we have in the best way."
      See NEHGR 152. Forebears, XVI, #4, p 521 says daughter of Bruno, brother of HRE Henry II; Bruno d 1057, London.
      ? Baldwin. "Agatha", in The Henry Project (2010, accessed 2017).
      ? Lauder-Frost, Gregory M.S., FSA Scot., "Agatha - The Ancestry Dispute" in The Scottish Genealogist, Edinburgh, Sept 2002, vol.xlix no.3, p.71-2.
      ? David Faris and Douglas Richard"The Origin of Agatha-The Debate Continues: The Parents of Agatha, Wife of Edward The Exile" in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 152, (April 1998).By
      ? Ren‚e Jett‚e, "Is the Mystery of the Origins of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, Finally Solved?", in New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 150 (October 1996), pp. 417-432
      ? G. Andrews Moriarty, "Agatha, wife of the Atheling Eadward", in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 106 (1952), pp. 52-60
      Our main source for medieval genealogy in the EuroAristo Project is the FMG database which is MEDIEVAL LANDS :A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley,© Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, 2000-2013.

      We are open to other sources as well but please cite them.
      Source list:
      Baldwin, Stewart. "Agatha: Wife of Eadweard the Exile", website The Henry Project: The Ancestors of King Henry II of England. (4 July 2010, ; accessed April 2017).
      History of Scotland, George Buchanan--Scots Peerage Sir James Balfor--U.K. Extracted Probate
      Spottiswood, John. The History of the Church of Scotland, beginning the year of our Lord 203, and continued to the end of the reign of King James VI. (R. Norton, for R. Royston, London, 1668) Page 29

      end of this biography [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S14614] "Agatha (Unknown) Wessex (aft. 1018 - 1054)", Biography & Descendants,, This.

    2. [S12116] "Margaret of Wessex", Pedigree Chart,, retrieved or revisi.

    3. [S12125] "Edward the Exile", Biography,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & upload.