Sir Gilbert de Clare, Knight, 1st Earl of Pembroke

Male 1100 - 1148  (~ 48 years)


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  • Name Gilbert de Clare 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Earl of Pembroke 
    Nickname Strongbow 
    Born ~ 1100  Tonbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Gilbert Fitz Gilbert de Clare  [3
    Died 6 Jan 1148  Tintern Abbey, Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I48136  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Dec 2018 

    Father Gilbert FitzRichard, Knight, 2nd Lord of Clare,   b. 21 Sep 1065, Tonbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1114, Winterbourne Monkton, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Adeliza de Claremont 
    Married Y  [3, 4
    Family ID F17738  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabel de Beaumont,   b. ~1101, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1172, Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years) 
    Married Bef 1130  [1, 5
    Children 
     1. Richard de Clare, Knight, 2nd Earl Pembroke,   b. 1125, Tonbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1176, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F17745  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1100 - Tonbridge, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Jan 1148 - Tintern Abbey, Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare (c.?1100 6 January 1148), was created Earl of Pembroke in 1138. He was commonly known as Strongbow.[a]

      Life

      Born at Tonbridge, Gilbert de Clare was a son of Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare and Alice de Claremont.[1] He started out without land and wealth of his own but was closely related to very powerful men, specifically his uncles Walter de Clare and Roger de Clare.[2]

      In 1136 Gilbert fitz Gilbert led an expedition against Exmes and burned parts of the town, including the church of Notre Dame, but was interrupted by the forces of William III, Count of Ponthieu and escaped the resulting melee only after suffering heavy losses.[3] Gilbert was a Baron, that is, a tenant-in-chief in England, and inherited the estates of his paternal uncles, Roger and Walter, which included the baronies and castles of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy. He held the lordship of Nether Gwent and the castle of Striguil (later Chepstow). King Stephen created him Earl of Pembroke, and gave him the rape and castle of Pevensey.

      After Stephen's defeat at Lincoln on 2 February 1141, Gilbert was among those who rallied to Empress Matilda when she recovered London in June, but he was at Canterbury when Stephen was recrowned late in 1141.[4] He then joined Geoffrey's plot against Stephen, but when that conspiracy collapsed, he again adhered to Stephen, being with him at the siege of Oxford late in 1142. In 1147 he rebelled when Stephen refused to give him the castles surrendered by his nephew Gilbert, 2nd Earl of Hertford, whereupon the King marched to his nearest castle and nearly captured him. However, the Earl appears to have made his peace with Stephen before his death the following year.[5]

      Family

      He married Isabel de Beaumont, before 1130, daughter of Sir Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester, Count of Meulan, and Elizabeth de Vermandois.[6] Isabel had previously been the mistress of King Henry I of England.[7]

      By her Gilbert had:

      Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke[b][8]
      Basilia, who married (1) Raymond FitzGerald (Raymond le Gros) and (2) Geoffrey FitzRobert.[9]
      a daughter who married William Bloet.[10]

      end of biography [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9968] "Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester" biography, accessed & downloaded Thurssday, November 17th, 2016 by David A.

    2. [S10730] "Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke" biography, was found, retrieved, uploaded and published March 23rd, 2017 by Dav.

    3. [S10731] "Gilbert Fitz Richard" biography, was found, retrieved, uploaded and published March 23rd, 2017 by David A. Hennessee, i.

    4. [S10721] "Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Wednesday, March 22nd, 2017.

    5. [S13481] Isabel (Beaumont) de Clare (abt. 1101 - aft. 1172), Pedigree, Registry & Biography, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Beaumo.