Sir William de Braose, III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber

Sir William de Braose, III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber

Male 1153 - 1211  (58 years)

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  • Name William de Braose 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber 
    Alt Birth ~1144  [1
    Born 1153  Bramber, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Lord of Bramber, Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick  [3
    Buried 1211  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    • Abbey of Saint Victor...
    Died 9 Aug 1211  Corbeil, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Person ID I46779  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 18 Jun 2019 

    Father William de Braose, Knight, 3rd Lord of Bramber,   b. 1135, (Bramber, Sussex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1190, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Mother Bertha of Hereford,   b. 1107, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1180, Bramber, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 1148  Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Residence (Family) Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Family ID F17148  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Maud de St. Valery, Lady of the Haie,   b. ~ 1155,   d. 0___ 1210, Corfe Castle, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married Bef 1170  Bramber, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 9
    Residence (Family) Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Maud de Braose,   b. 1160, (Bramber, Sussex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Dec 1210  (Age 50 years)
     2. Eleanor de Braose,   b. (Bramber, Sussex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Margaret de Braose, Lady of Trim,   b. 1177, (Bramber, Sussex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1255, Corfe Castle, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     4. John de Braose,   b. 1197-1198, (Bramber, Sussex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jul 1232, Bramber, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F17147  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1153 - Bramber, Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef 1170 - Bramber, Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 1211 - Paris, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 9 Aug 1211 - Corbeil, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - Monmouthshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    William III de Braose
    William III de Braose
    These arms were attributed to William III de Braose (d.1211) by Matthew Paris in Historia Anglorum, Chronica Majora, Part III (1250-59) British Library MS Royal 14 C VII f. 29v[6] (shown there inverted to denote his death): Party per fesse gules and azure, three garbs or. Matthew Paris is not generally primarily regarded as a reliable source for heraldry and these arms must be considered doubtful.

  • Notes 
    • William de Braose
      4th Lord of Bramber

      Grosmont Castle

      Born: probably 1140/50

      Died: 9th August 1211 at Corbeuil

      At his peak, William was Lord of Bramber, Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick and the three castles of Skenfrith, Grosmont (right) and Whitecastle.

      He inherited Bramber, Builth and Radnor from his father; Brecknock and Abergavenny through his mother. He was the strongest of the Marcher Lords involved in constant war with the Welsh and other lords. He was particularly hated by the Welsh for the massacre of three Welsh princes, their families and their men, which took place during a feast at his castle of Abergavenny in 1175. He was sometimes known as the "Ogre of Abergavenny". One of the Normans' foremost warriors, he fought alongside King Richard at Chalus in 1199 (when Richard received his fatal wound).

      William immediately transferred his loyalty to Prince John and supported his claim to the throne. John's entry to England was via William's port of Shoreham in Sussex.

      John extended William's landholdings. He received Limerick, without the city, in 1201 and was also given custody of Glamorgan, Monmouth and Gwynllwg in return for large payments.

      William captured Arthur, Count of Brittany at Mirebeau in 1202 and was in charge of his imprisonment for King John. He was well rewarded in February 1203 with the grant of Gower. He may have had knowledge of the murder of Arthur and been bribed to silence by John with the city of Limerick in July. His honours reached their peak when he was made Sheriff of Herefordshire by John for 1206-7. He had held this office under Richard from 1192 to 1199.

      His fall began almost immediately. William was stripped of his office as bailiff of Glamorgan and other custodies by King John in 1206/7. Later he was deprived of all his lands and, sought by John in Ireland, he returned to Wales and joined the Welsh Prince Llywelyn in rebellion. He fled to France in 1210 via Shoreham "in the habit of a beggar" and died in exile near Paris. Despite his stated intention to be interred at St. John's, Brecon, he was buried in the Abbey of St. Victoire, Paris by Stephen Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, another of John's chief opponents who was also taking refuge there. His wife and son William were starved to death in captivity at either Windsor or Corfe Castle.

      Note: The arms shown above are attributed to this William by Matthew Paris (see Aspilogia II , MP IV No7)

      Father: William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber, Sheriff of Herefordshire

      Mother: Bertha de Pãitres

      Married to Maud de St Valery ("before 1170" - Powicke's Loretta)

      Child 1: William de Braose
      Child 2: Maud (Susan) = Gruffyd ap Rhys
      Child 3: Giles, Bishop of Hereford
      Child 4: Roger
      Child 5: Philip
      Child 6: Bertha = William de Beauchamp
      Child 7: Thomas
      Child 8: Walter
      Child 9: John = Amabil de Limesi
      Child 10: Margaret = Walter de Lacy
      Child 11: Henry
      Child 12: Annora = Hugh de Mortimer
      Child 13: Loretta = Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester
      Child 14: Reginald de Braose
      Child 15: Flandrina, Abbess of Godstow
      Child 16: Bernard

      This ordering of the children follows the Braose genealogy given in the 13th century MS
      (British Library, Cotton Julius D, x) on the history of the Lords of Brecon.

      Matthew Boulter has written a dissertation on the career of this William de Braose which he has kindly made available to readers of this site.

      end of biography [3]
    • M William (de Braose) BRUCEPrint Family Tree
      Born in 1153 - Bramber, Sussex, England
      Deceased 9 August 1211 - Corbeil, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France , age at death: 58 years old
      Buried in 1211 - Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France

      Parents
      William (de Braose) BRUCE, born in 1100 - Bramber, Sussex, England, Deceased 21 October 1190 - London, England age at death: 90 years old
      Married in 1148, Herefordshire, England, to
      Bertha De PITRES, born in 1107 - Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, Deceased - Bramber, Sussex, England

      Spouses, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren
      Married in 1174, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Maud (Matilda) De St VALERY, born in 1155 - Bramber, Sussex, England, Deceased in 1210 - Windsor, Berkshire, England age at death: 55 years old (Parents : M Bernard De St VALERY 1117-1190 & F Alanor (Eleanor) De DOMMART 1128-) with
      F Matilda Maud (de Braose) 1160-1209 married in 1189 to Gruffydd Ap (Prince of South Wales) RHYS 1148-1201 with
      M Owain Ap GRUFFYDD ca 1176-1235 married in 1212 to Angharad Verch MAREDYDD 1190-1230 with :
      M Maredydd Ap (Lord Cardigan Uch Ayron) OWAIN ca 1204-1265
      F Lleucu Verch GRUFFYDD 1202-1250 married in 1232, Carmarthenshire, Wales, to Madog (Foel - Ap Cadwgon) GRIFFITH 1206-1250 with :
      F Elen (Verch Madog) GRIFFITH 1236-1280
      M Dafydd (Ap Madog) GRIFFITH 1240-1309
      M Cadwgon (Ddu - Ap Madog) GRIFFITH ca 1245-
      M William (The Younger) de Braose) BRUCE 1175-1210 married in 1196, Kent, England, to Matilda De CLARE 1175-1213 with
      F Matilda (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1195-1274 married before 1215, England, to Henry De TRACY 1197-1274 with :
      F Eva De TRACY ca 1222-1274
      M John (de Braose) (Lord of Bramber) BRUCE 1197-1232 married in 1219, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Margaret (Verch Llywelyn) (Lady) TUDOR 1202-1264 with :
      M William BRUCE 1224-1290
      M Richard (de Braose) BRUCE 1232-1292
      F Laurette (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1176-1266 married to Robert "Fitz-Parnell" HARCOURT ca 1156- with
      M X Harcourt ca 1190- married to ? ? with :
      M X Harcourt 1220-

      Siblings
      F Bertha (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1145- Married before 1180, Wales, to Gilbert De (Baron) MONMOUTH 1140-1190
      Bertha (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1145- Married before 1182, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Walter De BEAUCHAMP ca 1160-1235
      F Matilda Maud (de Braose) ca 1146- Married in 1168, England, to John De BRAMPTON ca 1136-1179
      F Margaret (de Braose) (Lady Meath) BRUCE ca 1149- Married 19 November 1200, Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire, England, to Walter De (Sir - Lord Meath) LACY ca 1150-1241
      F Sybil (de Braose) BRUCE /1151-1227 Married to Philip (le Boteler) BUTLER 1157-1174
      M Reginald (de Braose) BRUCE 1182-1227 Married 19 March 1202, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Grecian Alice De BRIWERE 1186-1226

      Paternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts
      M Philip (de Braose) BRUCE 1073-1134 married (1104)
      F Aenor De TOTNES 1084-1102
      M William (de Braose) BRUCE 1100-1190
      married (1148)
      6 children
      F Maud (de Braose) BRUCE 1109-1200
      married (1130)
      2 children

      Maternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts
      M Miles (Fitzwalter) De (1st Earl of Hereford) PITRES 1092-1143 married (1121)
      F Sybil (de Neufmarche) NEWMARCH 1092-1142
      F Bertha De PITRES 1107-
      married (1148)
      6 children
      M Roger De (Sheriff of Gloucestershire) PITRES ca 1115-1155
      married (1138)
      1 child
      F Margaret De PITRES ca 1126-1187
      married
      1 child
      F Lucy De PITRES 1136-1219/
      married (1157)
      1 child



      Notes
      Individual Note
      Source: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 1,7249::10774604
      Source: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22 - Ancestry.com - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.Original data - Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography, 1921–1922. London, England: Oxf - 1,1981::0 1,1981::11096
      Source: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Web: International, Find A Grave Index - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,70699::0 1,70699::994752
      Source: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - International, Find A Grave Index for Select Locations, 1300s-Current - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,60541::0 1,60541::10270

      Death
      Age: 58


      Sources
      Individual: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Ancestry Family Trees - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. - This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. - Ancestry Family Trees - http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=18829447&pid=9164
      Birth:
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 - 1,7249::10774604
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Web: International, Find A Grave Index - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,70699::0 - 1,70699::994752
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - International, Find A Grave Index for Select Locations, 1300s-Current - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,60541::0 - 1,60541::10270
      Death:
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 - 1,7249::10774604
      - Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22 - Ancestry.com - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.Original data - Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography, 1921–1922. London, England: Oxf - 1,1981::0 - 1,1981::11096
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Web: International, Find A Grave Index - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,70699::0 - 1,70699::994752
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - International, Find A Grave Index for Select Locations, 1300s-Current - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,60541::0 - 1,60541::10270
      Burial:
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Web: International, Find A Grave Index - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,70699::0 - 1,70699::994752
      - Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - International, Find A Grave Index for Select Locations, 1300s-Current - Ancestry.com - Ancestry.com Operations, Inc. - 1,60541::0 - 1,60541::10270
      Search the matching civil records

      Family Tree Preview
      Ancestry Chart Descendancy Chart Printable Family Tree
      _____| 16_ Robert BRUCE 1030-1094
      _____| 8_ William de (Braose) BRUCE 1049-1093
      _____| 4_ Philip (de Braose) BRUCE 1073-1134
      / \ _____| 18_ Waldron De St CLARE 1015-1047
      |2_ William (de Braose) BRUCE 1100-1190
      | \ _____| 20_ Alured De TOTNES 1015-1080
      | \ _____| 10_ Juhel De TOTNES 1049-1123
      | \ _____| 22_ Arnoul De PICQUIGNY 1020-1055
      |--1_ William (de Braose) BRUCE 1153-1211
      | _____| 24_ Roger De PITRES 1036-1080
      | _____| 12_ Walter de (Fitzroger) (High Sheriff of Gloucestershre) PÎTRES 1055-1129
      | _____| 6_ Miles (Fitzwalter) De (1st Earl of Hereford) PITRES 1092-1143
      | / \ _____| 26_ Drugo (Dru) de (Baalun) BALLON 1037-
      |3_ Bertha De PITRES 1107-
      \ _____| 28_ Geoffrey (de Neufmarche) NEWMARCH 1025-1072
      \ _____| 14_ Bernard (de Neufmarche) (Lord of Brecknockshire) NEWMARCH 1050-1093
      \ _____| 30_ Osborn (Fitzrichard) le SCROPE /1054-1100

      end of report [4]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12937] "William "1st Lord of Abergavenny" de Braose formerly Braose", Biography, Pedigree & Registry, https://www.wikitree.com/.

    2. [S10017] "Reginald de Braose" biography, accessed & downloaded Wednesday, November 23rd, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, http://dougl.

    3. [S10018] "William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber" biography, accessed & downloaded Wednesday, November 23rd, 2016 by David A. Hen.

    4. [S4571] " William (de Braose) BRUCE", profile, http://gw.geneanet.org/belfast8?n=bruce&oc=1&p=william+de+braose&type=fiche, retr.

    5. [S10021] "Bertha of Hereford" biography, accessed & downloaded Wednesday, November 23rd, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https://en.w.

    6. [S11455] "Sibyl de Neufmarchâe", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sibyl_de_Neufmarch%C3%A9, retrieved, recorded & uploade.

    7. [S14228] "William I de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (died 1190)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Ferrers,_3rd_.

    8. [S10020] "William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber" biography, accessed & downloaded Wednesday, November 23rd, 2016 by David A. Hen.

    9. [S10453] "Roger Mortimer of Wigmore" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Sunday, February 19th, 2017 by David A. Henn.