Sir Henry le Scrope, Knight

Male Bef 1268 - 1336  (~ 68 years)


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  • Name Henry le Scrope 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight 
    Born Bef 1268  (Masham, Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Occupation 16th Lord Chief Justice of England  [2
    Died 7 Sep 1336  [2
    Buried St Agatha's Abbey, Easby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I46040  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 10 Sep 2016 

    Father Sir William le Scrope,   b. ~ 1259, Bolton, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1311  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Mother Constance Newsham,   b. 1249, Flotmanby, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Dec 1320, Bracewell, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married Y  [1
    Residence (Family) Richmondshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F16835  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret LNU 
    Married Y  [2
    Children 
     1. William le Scrope,   b. (Masham, Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Stephen le Scrope,   b. (Masham, Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Sir Richard le Scrope, Knight, 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton,   b. ~ 1327, (Masham, Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1403, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years)
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F16838  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Bef 1268 - (Masham, Yorkshire, England) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St Agatha's Abbey, Easby, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Sir Henry le Scrope (b. in or before 1268 - 7 September 1336) was an English lawyer, and Chief Justice of the King's Bench for two periods between 1317 and 1330. He was the eldest son of Sir William le Scrope (c. 1259 - c. 1312), who was bailiff to the earl of Richmond in Richmondshire. Henry’s younger brother Geoffrey was also a lawyer who probably advanced through the influence of his older brother. Geoffrey served as Chief Justice four times between 1324 and 1338.

      Henry was an advocate at the King's Bench by 1292, and had various judicial commissions in the years from 1306 to 1308. On 27 November 1308 he was appointed justice of the common pleas. His friendship with, and the work he did for Henry Lacy, earl of Lincoln, helped his advancement at court, where he became a strong supporter of King Edward II. In 1311, after the barons had forced the king to accept the restrictions of the so-called Ordinances, Scrope withdrew from Parliament in protest, but was promptly ordered by the king to return. On 15 June 1317, when the king was once more restored to full power, Scrope was promoted to Chief Justice of the King's Bench. It was during this period (specifically from Hilary term 1319) that he instituted the practice of enrolling cases especially pertaining to the king on separate membranes, what became known as the Rex section.

      In 1322 he received a share of the estates forfeited by the adherents of Thomas, earl of Lancaster, after the earl's failed rebellion at Boroughbridge. The next year, however, Scrope was replaced as Chief Justice for reasons that are not quite clear. Still, he did not entirely fall out of favour at court, and on 10 September was appointed justice of the forests north of Trent. He also had the good will of the new regime under Edward III, and on 5 February 1327 was named 'second justice' of the common pleas. From 28 October 1329 to 19 December 1330, while his brother Geoffrey was abroad, he once more took on the post of Chief Justice of the King's Bench. After this he was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer, a post he held until his death.

      Henry le Scrope was knighted at some point before February 1311. He held extensive possessions all over England, amounting to twenty-one manors all in all, most of them in Yorkshire. He was married to a Margaret, perhaps the daughter of either Lord Ros or Lord Fitzwalter. Together they had three sons. Margaret outlived him until 1357, and after his death married Sir Hugh Mortimer of Chelmarsh, Shropshire. When Sir Henry died on 7 September 1336, he was buried in the Premonstratensian abbey of St Agatha at Easby, close to Richmond. Of his three sons, the eldest, William, was a soldier who distinguished himself in the French and Scottish wars, and died in 1344. The next brother, Stephen, had predeceased William, so the estates passed to Richard Scrope, who subsequently became the first Lord Scrope of Bolton, and chancellor of England.

      References

      Ramsay, Nigel. "Scrope, Sir Henry (b. in or before 1268, d. 1336)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24957. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S6608] "Sir Geoffrey le Scrope (1285 - 2 December 1340)", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geoffrey_le_Scrope, accessed.

    2. [S6609] "Sir Henry le Scrope (b. in or before 1268 - 7 September 1336)", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_le_Scrop.