Sir Alan of Galloway, Lord of Galloway, Constable of Scotland

Male 1186 - 1234  (48 years)


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  • Name Alan of Galloway 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Lord of Galloway, Constable of Scotland 
    Born 1186  Galloway, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Alt Birth Bef 1199  (Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Also Known As Alan fitz Roland  [3
    Died ~ 2 Feb 1234  Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Buried Dundrennan Abbey, Dundrennan, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I45627  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 27 Sep 2019 

    Father Roland of Galloway, Lord of Galloway,   b. ~1164, (Galloway, Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1200, Northampton, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 36 years) 
    Mother Helen de Morville,   b. ~1166, Kirkoswald, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 11 Jun 1217, Kircudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married Bef 1185  Kirkoswald, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5
    Family ID F16660  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret of Huntingdon, Lady of Galloway,   b. ~ 1194, Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1223  (Age ~ 29 years) 
    Married 1209  [2, 3, 6
    Children 
     1. Dervorguilla of Galloway,   b. ~ 1210, (Galloway, Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1290  (Age ~ 80 years)
     2. Eve Amabilia de Galloway,   b. 1215, Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1280, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F16658  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Alice Lacy,   b. 1186, Ulster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1229  [1
    Children 
     1. Helen of Galloway,   b. ~1208,   d. 0___ 1245  (Age ~ 36 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F20179  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsAlt Birth - Bef 1199 - (Scotland) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Dundrennan Abbey, Dundrennan, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Alan of Galloway (before 1199 - 1234), also known as Alan fitz Roland, was a leading thirteenth-century Scottish magnate. As the hereditary Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland, he was one of the most influential men in the Kingdom of Scotland and Irish Sea zone.

      Alan first appears in courtly circles in about 1200, about the time he inherited his father's possessions and offices. After he secured his mother's inheritance almost two decades later, Alan became one of the most powerful magnates in the Scottish realm. Alan also held lands in the Kingdom of England, and was one of King John's advisors concerning Magna Carta. Alan later played a considerable part in Alexander II of Scotland's northern English ambitions during the violent aftermath of John's repudiation of Magna Carta. Alan participated in the English colonisation of Ulster, receiving a massive grant in the region from the English king, and simultaneously aided the Scottish crown against rebel claimants in the western and northern peripheries of the Scottish realm. Alan entered into a vicious inter-dynastic struggle for control of the Kingdom of the Isles, supporting one of his kinsman against another. Alan's involvement in the Isles, a region under nominal Norwegian authority, provoked a massive military response by Haakon IV of Norway, causing a severe crisis for the Scottish crown.

      As ruler of the semi-autonomous Lordship of Galloway, Alan was courted by the Scottish and English kings for his remarkable military might, and was noted in Norse saga-accounts as one of the greatest warriors of his time. Like other members of his family, he was a generous religious patron. Alan died in February 1234. Although under the traditional Celtic custom of Galloway, Alan's illegitimate son could have succeeded to the Lordship of Galloway, under the feudal custom of the Scottish realm, Alan's nearest heirs were his surviving daughters. Using Alan's death as an opportunity to further integrate Galloway within his realm, Alexander forced the partition of the lordship amongst Alan's daughters. Alan was the last legitimate ruler of Galloway, descending from the native dynasty of Fergus, Lord of Galloway.

      Background

      Alan was born sometime before 1199. He was the eldest son of Roland, Lord of Galloway (died 1200), and his wife, Helen de Morville (died 1217).[3] His parents were likely married before 1185,[4] possibly at some point in the 1170s, since Roland was compelled to hand over three sons as hostages to Henry II of England in 1186.[5] Roland and Helen had three sons, and two daughters.[3] The name of one of Alan's brothers is unknown, suggesting that he died young.[6] The other, Thomas (died 1231), became Earl of Atholl by right of his wife.[3] One of Alan's sisters, Ada, married Walter Bisset, Lord of Aboyne.[7] The other, Dervorguilla, married Nicholas de Stuteville, Lord of Liddel (died 1233).[8]

      Alan's mother was the sister and heir of William de Morville, Lord of Lauderdale and Cunningham, Constable of Scotland (died 1196).[9] Alan's father was the eldest son of Uhtred, Lord of Galloway (died 1174),[4] son of Fergus, Lord of Galloway (died 1161). The familial origins of Fergus are unknown, and he first appears on record in 1136. The mother of at least two of his children, Uhtred and Affraic, was an unknown daughter of Henry I of England.[10] It was probably not long after Fergus' emergence into recorded history that he gave away Affraic in marriage to Amlaâib mac Gofraid, King of the Isles.[11] One after-effect of these early twelfth-century marital alliances was that Alan—Fergus' great-grandson—was a blood relative of the early thirteenth-century kings of England and the kings of the Isles—men who proved to be important players throughout Alan's career.[12] [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S14618] "Euphame (Clavering) de Neville (abt. 1267 - abt. 1329)", Sources, Biography, Ancestors & Descendants. Select tab, "Ance.

    2. [S9287] "John I de Balliol" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_de_Balliol, abstracted March 20, 2016 by David A. He.

    3. [S9288] "Alan of Galloway" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_of_Galloway, retrieved March 20, 2016 by David A. Henne.

    4. [S9296] "Lochlann of Galloway" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lochlann_of_Galloway, retrieved March 20, 2016 by David.

    5. [S14610] "Eve Amabilia de Galloway (1215-1280)", Profile, Ancestors & Descendants, select the "Ancestor" tab, https://www.wikitre.

    6. [S9289] "Margaret of Huntingdon, Lady of Galloway" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_of_Huntingdon,_Lady_of_Gall.