Sir Henry Clifford, Knight, 1st Earl of Cumberland

Male 1493 - 1542  (~ 49 years)


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  • Name Henry Clifford 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Earl of Cumberland 
    Born 0___ 1493  Skipton Castle, Skipton, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Apr 1542  [2
    Person ID I43527  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2015 

    Father Henry Clifford, Knight, 10th Baron Clifford,   b. ~ 1454, Skipton Castle, Skipton, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1523  (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Mother Anne St John,   b. ~1460, Bletsoe, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 12 May 1506  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Married 0Dec 1486  [2
    Family ID F15804  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret Percy 
    Married Y  [2
    Children 
     1. Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland,   b. 0___ 1517, Skipton Castle, Skipton, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Jan 1570, Brougham Castle, Moor Lane, Penrith, Cumbria, England CA10 2AA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F15805  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0___ 1493 - Skipton Castle, Skipton, North Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Sir Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland KG (1493 22 April 1542) was a member of the Clifford family which was seated at Skipton Castle, Yorkshire from 1310 to 1676. He was a close friend of King Henry VIII.

      Origins

      He was born at Skipton Castle, a son of Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford by his wife Anne St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Bletso by his first wife Alice Bradshaigh.[1][2]

      Career

      As a youth Clifford spent time at the court of King Henry VIII and was knighted at Henry's coronation in 1509. he was appointed Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1522 and became hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland on the death of his father in 1523. As part of King Henry VIII's plans for the defence of the Scottish border he was created Earl of Cumberland on June 18 1525, made Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle. He was however soon replaced by William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre but after the latter was accused of treason, he was reinstated in the post from 1534 to 1542. In 1536 he refused to support the Pilgrimage of Grace and as a result was besieged in Skipton Castle. He was made a Knight of the Garter by a grateful King Henry VIII in 1537.

      Marriages & progeny

      He married twice:

      Firstly to Margaret Talbot (died before 1516), daughter of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury and Anne Hastings, daughter of William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings and Katherine Neville. Katherine was a daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Neville, 5th Countess of Salisbury.
      Secondly he married Margaret Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland and Catherine Spencer, daughter of Sir Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe, Devon, and Lady Eleanor Beaufort. Eleanor was a daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Eleanor Beauchamp. By Margaret Percy he had seven children, including:
      Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland, eldest son and heir, who married Lady Eleanor Brandon, a niece of King Henry VIII.
      Death & burial[edit]
      He died in 1542 and was buried in Skipton church, where his monument survives. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7451] "Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Clifford,_10th_Baron_de_Clifford.

    2. [S7453] "Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Clifford,_1st_Earl_of_Cumberland.