Sir John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford

Sir John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford

Male 1488 - 1540  (~ 52 years)

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  • Name John de Vere 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 15th Earl of Oxford 
    Born ~1482-1488  Castle Hedingham, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Religion Church of England  [2
    Died 21 Mar 1540  Wakes Colne, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Person ID I43486  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 11 Sep 2019 

    Father John de Vere,   b. ~1433, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. (Essex) England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Alice Kilrington,   b. (England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. (England) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married (England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Family ID F15787  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Trussell,   b. (Yorkshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 10 Apr 1509  Bentley, Rowley near Hull, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Children 
     1. John de Vere,   b. 0___ 1516, (Castle Hedingham, Essex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Aug 1562  (Age ~ 46 years)
    Last Modified 24 Sep 2021 
    Family ID F15784  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~1482-1488 - Castle Hedingham, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 10 Apr 1509 - Bentley, Rowley near Hull, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Mar 1540 - Wakes Colne, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford by Daniel Mytens
    John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford by Daniel Mytens
    On 19 December 1526 Oxford was appointed Lord Great Chamberlain for life and was made a Knight of the Garter on 21 October 1527. He signed the Lords' petition against Cardinal Wolsey on 1 December 1529, and was appointed to the Privy Council before 22 March 1531.

  • Notes 
    • John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain KG PC (c.1482 - 21 March 1540)[1] was an English peer and courtier.

      Career

      John de Vere, born about 1482, was the son of John de Vere and Alice Kilrington (alias Colbroke), and the great-grandson of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford,[3] succeeding his second cousin, John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, in the earldom.[4] De Vere had two stepbrothers, William Courtenay and Walter Courtenay, and a stepsister, Katherine Courtenay, by his mother's second marriage, before 1491, to Sir Walter Courtenay (d. 7 November 1506), a younger son of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderham, Devon, by Elizabeth Hungerford.[5]

      De Vere was an Esquire of the Body at the funeral of Henry VII in 1509,[6] and was knighted by Henry VIII 25 September 1513 at Tournai, following the Battle of the Spurs.[7] He attended Henry VIII at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520, and at his meeting with the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, at Dover in 1522.[8]

      On 19 December 1526 Oxford was appointed Lord Great Chamberlain for life and was made a Knight of the Garter on 21 October 1527. He signed the Lords' petition against Cardinal Wolsey on 1 December 1529,[9] and was appointed to the Privy Council before 22 March 1531.[8]

      In 1531 it was reported from Venice that Oxford was 'a man of valour and authority … and it is his custom always to cavalcade with two hundred horse’.[9]

      Oxford bore the crown at Queen Anne Boleyn's coronation in April 1533, but later served on the commission which tried the Queen on 15 May 1536.[8] On 15 October 1537 he attended the christening of the future King Edward VI, and on 12 November following was present at the funeral of Queen Jane Seymour.[8]

      On 2 and 3 December 1538 Oxford served on the panel of peers at the treason trials of the Marquess of Exeter, and Lord Montagu.[8]

      Oxford and his son, John, were in the King's retinue at the reception of Anne of Cleves at Blackheath.[8]

      Oxford was reputedly the first Protestant earl of Oxford. He patronised a company of players for which he commissioned John Bale to write plays from 1534-1536.[10] As Lord Great Chamberlain and a favourite of Henry VIII, about 1537 he directed Bale to write anti-Catholic propaganda plays for Richard Morison's campaign against the Pope.[11]

      Oxford died 21 March 1540 at his manor of Colne, Essex and was buried on 12 April at Castle Hedingham.[12]

      Marriages and issue

      Oxford married firstly, Christian Foderingey (b. circa 1481, d. before 4 November 1498),[1] the daughter of Thomas Foderingey (circa 1446–1491) of Brockley, Suffolk,[13] by Elizabeth Doreward (c.1473–1491), daughter of William Doreward of Bocking, Essex.[13] There were no issue of the marriage.

      Oxford married secondly, Elizabeth Trussell, the daughter of Edward Trussell (c.1478 – 16 June 1499) of Kibblestone, Staffordshire and Margaret Don, the daughter of Sir John Don (d.1503) by Elizabeth Hastings (d.1508).[14] They had four sons and three daughters:[2]

      Elizabeth de Vere (b. circa 1512), who married Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Chiche (d. 28 June 1558), and had issue.[15]
      John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford (1516 – 3 August 1562), who married firstly, Dorothy Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland, and secondly, Margery Golding, and had issue by both wives.
      Frances de Vere (c.1517 – 30 Jun 1577), who married firstly, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, by whom she was the mother of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and secondly, Thomas Stainings.[1]
      Aubrey de Vere, who married Margaret Spring, the daughter of Sir John Spring; their grandson, Robert de Vere, became 19th Earl of Oxford.[16] Their daughter, Anne de Vere (d.1617), married, firstly Christopher Shernborne (d. 7 July 1575), by whom she had a son, Francis Shernborne, esquire, and secondly John Stubbs, whose right hand was cut off on 3 November 1579 for his authorship of The Discovery of a Gaping Gulf which criticized Queen Elizabeth’s proposed marriage to Francois, Duke of Alenđcon.[17][18]
      Robert de Vere (b. circa 1520).
      Anne de Vere, (b. circa 1522, died c. 14 February 1572), who married firstly, Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield (d. 31 July 1549) of Butterwick, Lincolnshire, and secondly, John Brock of Colchester, Essex.[19]
      Geoffrey de Vere (b. circa 1523), who married Elizabeth Hardkyn, daughter of Sir John Hardkyn. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7408] "John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford (1516 - 3 August 1562)" bigraphy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Vere,_16th_Ea.

    2. [S7409] "John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford, KG, PC (c.1482 - 21 March 1540)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_de_Ve.

    3. [S7410] "John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford", biography, http://www.thepeerage.com/p1174.htm#i11723.