Sir William Longespee, II, Knight, Earl of Salisbury, Crusader

Sir William Longespee, II, Knight, Earl of Salisbury, Crusader

Male 1212 - 1250  (38 years)

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  • Name William Longespee 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix II, Knight, Earl of Salisbury, Crusader 
    Born 1212  (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 8 Feb 1250  Al-Mansurah, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Person ID I43135  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 8 Dec 2018 

    Father William (Plantagenet) Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury,   b. ~ 1176, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1226, Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Mother Ela FitzPatrick, 3rd Countess of Salisbury,   b. 0___ 1187, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1261, Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Married 1196  Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    • King Richard arranged for the marriage of his half brother to the young heiress, Ela FitzPatrick, who was Countess of Salisbury in her own right, the daughter of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and El‚eonore de Vitr‚e.
    Family ID F13818  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Odoine de Camville,   b. ~ 1210, Brattleby, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1252  (Age ~ 42 years) 
    Married Y  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Ela Longespee,   b. ~ 1228, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Nov 1299  (Age ~ 71 years)
     2. William Longespee, III,   b. ~ 1230, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1256-1257, Blyth, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
     3. Richard Longespee,   b. ~ 1240, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1265  (Age ~ 24 years)
     4. Edmund Longespee,   b. (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F15635  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1212 - (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 8 Feb 1250 - Al-Mansurah, Egypt Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Arms of Sir William Longespťe
    Arms of Sir William Longespťe
    Sir William Longespťe (c. 1212 - 8 February 1250) was an English knight, the son of William Longespťe and Ela, Countess of Salisbury. His death became of significant importance to the English psyche, having died as a martyr due to the purported mistakes of the French at the Battle of Mansurah, near Al-Mansurah in Egypt.

  • Notes 
    • Sir William Longesp‚ee (c. 1212 - 8 February 1250) was an English knight, the son of William Longesp‚ee and Ela, Countess of Salisbury. His death became of significant importance to the English psyche, having died as a martyr due to the purported mistakes of the French at the Battle of Mansurah, near Al-Mansurah in Egypt.

      Biography

      Longesp‚ee made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1240, and again in 1247. The second time, he proceeded to Rome and made a plea to Pope Innocent IV for support:

      "Sir, you see that I am signed with the cross and am on my journey with the King of France to fight in this pilgrimage. My name is great and of note, viz., William Longesp‚ee, but my estate is slender, for the King of England, my kinsman and liege lord, hath bereft me of the title of earl and of that estate, but this he did judiciously, and not in displeasure, and by the impulse of his will; therefore I do not blame him for it. Howbeit, I am necessitated to have recourse to your holiness for favour, desiring your assistance in this distress. We see here (quoth he) that Earl Richard (of Cornwall) who, though he is not signed with the cross, yet, through the especial grace of your holiness, he hath got very much money from those who are signed, and therefore, I, who am signed and in want, do intreat the like favour."[1]

      Having succeeded in gaining the favour of the Pope, Longesp‚ee raised a company of 200 English horse to join with King Louis on his crusade. To raise funds for his expedition, he sold a charter of liberties to the burgesses of the town of Poole in 1248 for 70 marks.[2] During the Seventh Crusade, Longesp‚ee commanded the English forces. He became widely known for his feats of chivalry and his subsequent martyrdom. The circumstances of his death served to fuel growing English animosity toward the French; it is reported that the French Count d'Artois lured Longesp‚ee into attacking the Mameluks before the forces of King Louis arrived in support. D'Artois, Longesp‚ee and his men, along with 280 Knights Templar, were killed at this time.

      It is said that his mother, Countess Ela, had a vision of the martyr being received into heaven by angels on the day of his death. In 1252, the Sultan delivered Longesp‚ee's remains to a messenger who conveyed them to Acre for burial at the church of St Cross. However, his effigy is found amongst family members at Salisbury Cathedral, in England.

      Marriage and issue

      Longesp‚ee married Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustacia Basset. They had three sons and a daughter:

      Edmund Longesp‚ee, The Book of Lacock names ďGuill Lungespee tertium, Ricīum, Elam et EdmundumĒ as the children of ďGuill Lungespee secundusĒ & his wife.
      Ela Longesp‚ee, married James De Audley (1220Ė1272), of Heleigh Castle, Staffordshire, son of Henry De Audley and Bertred Mainwaring
      William III Longesp‚ee, married Maud de Clifford, granddaughter of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. Their daughter Margaret married Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.[3]
      Richard Longesp‚ee, married Alice le Rus, daughter of William le Rus of Suffolk and died shortly before 27 December 1261.[4]

      * [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7022] William Longesp‚ee (circa 1176 - 7 March 1226), http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_78.html.

    2. [S7440] "Sir William Longesp‚ee (c. 1212 - 8 February 1250)" biography,.

    3. [S7853] "Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187 - 24 August 1261)" biography, http://bit.ly/1NHo3xh.

    4. [S51647] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ela,_Countess_of_Salisbury.