Lady Ela FitzPatrick, 3rd Countess of Salisbury

Female 1187 - 1261  (~ 74 years)


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  • Name Ela FitzPatrick 
    Title Lady 
    Suffix 3rd Countess of Salisbury 
    Born 0___ 1187  Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Also Known As Ela d'Evreux  [3
    Also Known As Ela of Salisbury  [2
    Died 24 Aug 1261  Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4
    • Lacock Abbey in the village of Lacock, Wiltshire, England, was founded in the early 13th century by Ela, Countess of Salisbury, as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. The Abbey remained a nunnery until the suppression of Catholic institutions in England in the 16th century.

      Some interior sequences in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets were filmed at Lacock, including the cloister walk (illustrated, left) where Harry comes out from Professor Lockhart's room after serving detention and hears the basilisk. During four days in October 2007 Lacock was also used to film some scenes for the sixth Harry Potter film, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.

      The Abbey was one of two major locations for the 2008 film version of the historical novel The Other Boleyn Girl.

      Lacock appears in the "Robin Hood and the Sorcerer", "Cromm Cruac" and "The Pretender" episodes of Robin of Sherwood. It was also used in the 1995 BBC/A&E production of Pride and Prejudice.

      In the Spring of 2012, it was a filming location of the fantasy adventure movie Mariah Mundi and the Midas Box, which is scheduled for release in 2013.

      Scenes for the BBC's historical TV serial Wolf Hall were filmed there in 2014.

      Photos, history & source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lacock_Abbey
    Person ID I37363  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 3 Jul 2015 

    Father William of Salisbury, Knight, 2nd Earl of Salisbury,   b. ~ 1150, (Salisbury, Wiltshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1196  (Age ~ 46 years) 
    Mother Eleonore de Vitre, Countess of Salisbury,   b. ~ 1158, Bretagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1232, (Salisbury, Wiltshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Married Y  [4, 5
    Residence (Family) Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F15634  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family William (Plantagenet) Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury,   b. ~ 1176, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1226, Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married 1196  Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • King Richard arranged for the marriage of his half brother to the young heiress, Ela FitzPatrick, who was Countess of Salisbury in her own right, the daughter of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and El‚eonore de Vitr‚e.
    Children 
     1. William Longespee, II, Knight, Earl of Salisbury, Crusader,   b. 1212, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1250, Al-Mansurah, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
     2. Richard Longespee,   b. (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Ida Longespee, II,   b. (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Stephen Longespee,   b. ~ 1216, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1260  (Age ~ 44 years)
     5. Ida Longespee,   b. 1205-1210, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1269, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
    Last Modified 23 Oct 2022 
    Family ID F13818  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0___ 1187 - Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1196 - Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 24 Aug 1261 - Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187 - 24 August 1261) was a wealthy English heiress and the suo jure Countess of Salisbury, having succeeded to the title in 1196 upon the death of her father, William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.[1] Her husband William Longesp‚ee, an illegitimate half-brother of kings Richard I of England and John of England assumed the title of 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his marriage to Ela, which took place in 1196 when she was nine years old.

      Ela held the post of High Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years after William's death, then became a nun, and eventually Abbess of Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire, which she had founded in 1229.

      Family

      Ela was born in Amesbury, Wiltshire in 1187, the only child and heiress of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire and El‚eonore de Vitr‚e (c.1164- 1232/1233).[2] In 1196, she succeeded her father as suo jure 3rd Countess of Salisbury. There is a story that immediately following her father's death she was imprisoned in a castle in Normandy by one of her paternal uncles who wished to take her title and enormous wealth for himself. According to the legend, Ela was eventually rescued by William Talbot, a knight who had gone to France where he sang ballads under windows in all the castles of Normandy until he received a response from Ela.[3]

      In 1198, Ela's mother married her fourth husband, Gilbert de Malesmains.

      Marriage and issue

      In 1196, the same year she became countess and inherited her father's numerous estates, Ela married William Longesp‚ee, an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England, by his mistress Ida de Tosny, who later married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk. Longespee became 3rd Earl of Salisbury by right of his wife. The Continuator of Florence recorded that their marriage had been arranged by King Richard I of England, who was William's legitimate half-brother.[1]

      Together William and Ela had at least eight or possibly nine children:

      William II Longesp‚ee, titular Earl of Salisbury (c.1209- 7 February 1250), married in 1216 Idoine de Camville, daughter of Richard de Camville and Eustache Basset, by whom he had four children. William was killed while on crusade at the Battle of Mansurah.

      Richard Longesp‚ee, clerk and canon of Salisbury.

      Stephen Longesp‚ee, Seneschal of Gascony and Justiciar of Ireland (1216Ė1260), married as her second husband 1243/1244 Emmeline de Ridelsford, daughter of Walter de Ridelsford and Annora Vitr‚e, by whom he had two daughters: Ela, wife of Sir Roger La Zouche, and Emmeline (1252Ė1291), the second wife of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly.

      Nicholas Longesp‚ee, Bishop of Salisbury (died 28 May 1297)

      Isabella Longesp‚ee (died before 1244), married as his first wife shortly after 16 May 1226, William de Vescy, Lord of Alnwick, by whom she had issue.

      Petronilla Longesp‚ee, died unmarried

      Ela Longesp‚ee, who first married Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick, and then married Philip Basset. No issue.[4]

      Ida Longesp‚ee, married firstly Ralph who was son of Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley, and Margaret, daughter of John Marshal;[4] she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford, by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.[5]

      Ida II de Longesp‚ee (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert, son of Robert Fitzwalter, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter, wife of William de Odyngsells. Ela's and Williams's grandsons include William de Clinton and John de Grey.[4]

      Mary Longesp‚ee, married. No issue.[4]

      Pernel Longesp‚ee.

      Lacock Abbey, founded in 1229 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury

      Later life

      In 1225, Ela's husband William was shipwrecked off the coast of Brittany, upon returning from Gascony. He spent months recovering at a monastery on the Island of R‚e in France. He died at Salisbury Castle on 7 March 1226 just several days after arriving in England. Ela held the post of Sheriff of Wiltshire for two years following her husband's death.

      Three years later in 1229, Ela founded Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire as a nunnery of the Augustinian order. In 1238, she entered the abbey as a nun; she was made Abbess of Lacock in 1240, and held the post until 1257. The Book of Lacock recorded that Ela founded the monasteries at Lacock and Henton.[1] During her tenure as abbess, Ela obtained many rights for the abbey and village of Lacock.

      Ela, Countess of Salisbury died on 24 August 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey. The inscription on her tombstone, originally written in Latin, reads:

      Below lie buried the bones of the venerable Ela, who gave this sacred house as a home for the nuns. She also had lived here as holy abbess and Countess of Salisbury, full of good works[6]

      Her numerous descendants included English kings Edward IV and Richard III, Mary, Queen of Scots, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Sir Winston Churchill, Diana, Princess of Wales, the Dukes of Norfolk, and the English queen consorts of King Henry VIII: Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr.

      Ela has been described as having been "one of the two towering female figures of the mid-13th century", the other one being Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln.[7] [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S51647] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ela,_Countess_of_Salisbury.

    2. [S7853] "Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury (1187 - 24 August 1261)" biography, http://bit.ly/1NHo3xh.

    3. [S8090] "William d'‚Evreux, Earl of Salisbury", registry, abstracted October 12, 2015, http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getpers.

    4. [S7022] William Longesp‚ee (circa 1176 - 7 March 1226), http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_78.html.

    5. [S7852] "William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (died 1196)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_of_Salisbury,.